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Farmers Almanac
The 2014 Farmers Almanac
Farmers' Almanac

Average Frost Dates

Alabama
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Birmingham11/9/144/2/15
Huntsville11/4/143/30/15
Mobile11/29/142/28/15
Montgomery11/12/143/11/15
Alaska
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Anchorage9/23/145/8/15
Fairbanks9/8/145/15/15
Juneau10/4/145/8/15
Nome8/31/146/11/15
Arizona
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Flagstaff9/22/146/9/15
Phoenix12/16/141/30/15
Tucson11/29/142/16/15
Yuma12/20/141/24/15
Arkansas
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Fort Smith10/31/143/31/15
Jonesboro11/4/143/29/15
Little Rock11/12/143/22/15
Texarkana11/16/143/13/15
California
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Fresno12/3/142/4/15
Red Bluff12/1/142/22/15
Sacramento12/4/142/10/15
San Bernardino12/24/142/21/15
Tahoe City9/19/146/18/15
Colorado
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Denver10/4/144/30/15
Grand Junction10/16/145/1/15
Julesburg9/24/145/7/15
Pueblo10/5/144/30/15
Connecticut
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Danbury10/9/145/1/15
Hartford10/9/144/26/15
Stamford10/17/144/29/15
District of Columbia
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Washington D.C.11/15/143/29/15
Delaware
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Dover10/30/144/8/15
Lewes11/5/144/6/15
Wilmington10/30/144/10/15
Florida
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Jacksonville12/3/142/26/15
Orlando1/8/141/30/15
Tallahassee11/17/143/22/15
Tampa1/21/141/19/15
Georgia
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Atlanta11/16/143/24/15
Augusta11/7/143/30/15
Columbus11/19/143/11/15
Savannah11/25/143/1/15
Hawaii
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Idaho
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Boise10/8/145/5/15
Idaho Falls9/20/145/27/15
Moscow9/20/145/25/15
Salmon9/20/145/25/15
Illinois
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Chicago10/24/144/20/15
Mount Vernon10/14/144/14/15
Quincy10/22/144/10/15
Springfield10/13/144/13/15
Indiana
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Evansville11/3/144/3/15
Indianapolis10/18/144/18/15
South Bend10/19/144/26/15
Terre Haut10/15/144/20/15
Iowa
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Cedar Rapids10/6/144/25/15
Des Moines10/12/144/20/15
Fort Dodge10/4/144/29/15
Sioux City10/3/144/26/15
Kansas
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Garden City10/11/144/27/15
Great Bend10/19/144/13/15
Independence10/25/144/8/15
Topeka10/11/144/19/15
Kentucky
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Ashland10/13/145/4/15
Lexington10/25/144/15/15
Mayfield10/21/144/17/15
Murray10/28/144/5/15
Louisiana
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Alexandria11/19/143/6/15
Baton Rouge11/29/142/26/15
Monroe11/15/143/3/15
Shreveport11/18/143/10/15
Maine
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Augusta10/8/144/27/15
Bangor10/7/145/7/15
Portland10/6/145/2/15
Presque Isle9/20/144/21/15
Maryland
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Baltimore10/29/144/11/15
Frederick10/30/144/9/15
Salisbury10/30/144/5/15
Massachusetts
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Boston11/7/144/7/15
New Bedford11/2/144/13/15
Worcester11/14/144/26/15
Michigan
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Cheboygan10/10/145/18/15
Detroit10/17/144/26/15
Grand Rapids10/8/145/5/15
Marquette10/13/145/11/15
Minnesota
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Baudette9/21/145/16/15
Duluth10/17/145/15/15
Minneapolis10/5/144/30/15
Willmar10/1/144/30/15
Mississippi
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Greenville11/17/143/9/15
Hattiesburg11/19/143/12/15
Jackson11/9/143/23/15
Tupelo10/28/144/5/15
Missouri
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Jefferson City10/18/144/13/15
Kansas City10/28/144/7/15
Poplar Bluff10/28/144/4/15
St. Louis10/29/144/7/15
Montana
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Billings9/27/145/8/15
Bozeman9/19/145/26/15
Glendive9/29/145/2/15
Great Falls9/22/145/17/15
Helena9/18/145/19/15
Nebraska
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Grand Island10/8/144/26/15
North Platte10/4/145/5/15
Omaha10/12/144/21/15
Scottsbluff9/27/145/3/15
Nevada
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Elko10/10/146/9/15
Ely9/6/146/18/15
Las Vegas11/27/142/16/15
Reno10/3/145/21/15
New Hampshire
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Berlin9/21/145/20/15
Concord9/21/145/20/15
Keene9/26/145/13/15
Nashua10/3/145/7/15
New Jersey
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Atlantic City11/11/143/31/15
Cape May11/6/144/6/15
New Brunswick10/20/144/20/15
Newark11/7/144/3/15
New Mexico
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Albuquerque10/28/144/16/15
Carlsbad11/3/144/3/15
Santa Rosa10/22/144/19/15
Truth or Consquences11/3/144/6/15
New York
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Albany10/3/145/2/15
Buffalo10/19/144/24/15
Elmira10/3/145/9/15
Lake Placid9/11/146/7/15
New York City11/15/144/1/15
Syracuse10/13/144/28/15
North Carolina
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Asheville10/25/144/12/15
Charlotte11/9/144/11/15
Fayetteville11/5/143/28/15
Raleigh-Durham10/28/144/10/15
North Dakota
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Bismarck9/21/145/14/15
Fargo9/27/145/10/15
Grand Forks9/27/145/10/15
Minot9/28/145/9/15
Ohio
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Cincinnati10/23/144/13/15
Cleveland10/23/144/30/15
Columbus10/13/144/26/15
Toledo10/8/145/1/15
Oklahoma
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Beaver10/14/144/18/15
Enid11/3/144/4/15
Lawton11/7/143/29/15
Tulsa11/7/143/27/15
Oregon
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Baker9/13/146/3/15
Eugene10/19/144/22/15
Klamath Falls9/18/146/7/15
Portland11/15/143/23/15
Pennsylvania
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Erie10/29/144/29/15
Lebanon10/13/144/27/15
Philadelphia11/4/144/6/15
Pittsburgh10/17/144/29/15
Wilkes Barre10/16/144/26/15
Rhode Island
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Kingston10/3/145/8/15
Providence10/22/144/16/15
South Carolina
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Charleston11/25/143/9/15
Columbia11/1/144/1/15
Florence11/7/143/26/15
Greenville11/4/144/4/15
South Dakota
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Hot Springs9/20/145/16/15
Pierre10/3/145/2/15
Sioux Falls9/28/145/3/15
Watertown9/25/145/10/15
Tennessee
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Chattanooga11/4/144/1/15
Knoxville10/22/144/16/15
Memphis11/13/143/22/15
Nashville10/28/144/6/15
Texas
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Amarillo10/20/144/18/15
Dallas11/25/143/3/15
Houston12/20/142/8/15
San Antonio11/25/142/28/15
Utah
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Cedar City10/1/145/21/15
Logan9/29/145/14/15
Moab10/19/144/14/15
Salt Lake City10/25/144/19/15
Vermont
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Burlington10/3/145/8/15
Montpelier10/1/145/11/15
Rutland9/28/145/13/15
Virginia
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Charlottesville10/31/144/7/15
Norfolk11/23/143/20/15
Richmond10/30/144/6/15
Roanoke10/22/144/13/15
Washington
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Olympia10/6/145/5/15
Seattle11/17/143/10/15
Spokane10/3/145/2/15
Vancouver10/15/144/20/15
West Virginia
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Charleston10/21/144/22/15
Martinsburg10/19/144/19/15
Morgantown10/18/144/30/15
Moundsville10/19/144/30/15
Wisconsin
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Appleton10/7/145/4/15
Eau Claire9/29/145/7/15
Madison10/2/145/10/15
Milwaukee10/14/144/27/15
Wyoming
CityFirst Fall FrostLast Spring Frost
Casper9/19/145/22/15
Cheyenne9/26/145/12/15
Gillette9/22/145/18/15

Courtesy of the National Climatic Data Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

The dates listed above are normal averages for a light freeze/frost. The possibility of a frost occurring after the spring dates and before the fall dates is 50 percent. Frost/freeze temperatures are categorized by their effect on plants:

  • Light freeze: 29 degrees F to 32 degrees F – tender plants killed, with little destructive effect on other vegetation.
  • Moderate freeze: 25 degrees F to 28 degrees F – widely destructive effect on most vegetation, with heavy damage to fruit blossoms and tender and semi-hardy plants.
  • Severe freeze: 24 degrees F and colder – damage to most plants.

*Higher elevations in Hawaii do occasionally see at-or-near freezing temperatures but definitive frost dates are not available.

If you notice a hole in the upper left-hand corner of your Farmers' Almanac, don't return it to the store! That hole isn't a defect; it's a part of history. Starting with the first edition of the Farmers' Almanac in 1818, readers used to nail holes into the corners to hang it up in their homes, barns, and outhouses (to provide both reading material and toilet paper). In 1910, the Almanac's publishers began pre-drilling holes in the corners to make it even easier for readers to keep all of that invaluable information (and paper) handy.