Here’s a quick look at what’s going on in the sky during the month of July, 2012:
July 1 — Moon at perigee (its closest point to the Earth).
July 3 — Full Buck Moon, 2:52 p.m. The visible Moon is fully illuminated by direct sunlight. Though the Moon is only technically in this phase for a few seconds, it is considered “full” for the entire day of the event, and appears full for three days.
July 5 — Earth at aphelion (its farthest point from the Sun).
July 10 — Last Quarter Moon, 9:48 p.m. One half of the Moon appears illuminated by direct sunlight while the illuminated part is decreasing.
July 10 — Venus at its brightest. Magnitude 4.5.
July 13 — Moon at apogee (its farthest point from the Earth).
July 15 — New Moon, 12:24 a.m. The Moon is not illuminated by direct sunlight.
July 26 — First Quarter Moon, 4:56 a.m. One half of the Moon appears illuminated by direct sunlight while the illuminated part is increasing.
July 30 — Delta Aquarids meteor shower. 2012 is predicted to be an unfavorable year for this Southern Hemisphere shower.
July 30 — Alpha Capricornoids meteor shower. A weak show originating near Capricornus.