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Farmers Almanac
The 2014 Farmers Almanac
Farmers' Almanac

Winter Preparedness Safety Tips

Winter Preparedness Safety Tips

Before severe winter weather arrives: Know safe routes from home, work, and school to high ground.

– Know how to contact other household members through a common, out-of-state contact in the event you have to evacuate and become separated.

– Know how to turn off gas, electric power, and water before evacuating.

– Know ahead of time what you should do to help elderly or disabled friends, neighbors, or employees.

– Keep plywood, plastic sheeting, lumber, sandbags, and hand tools on hand and accessible. Winterize your house, barn, shed, or any other structure that may provide shelter for your family, neighbors, livestock, or equipment. Install storm shutters, doors, and windows; clear rain gutters; repair roof leaks; and check the structural ability of the roof to sustain unusually heavy weight from the accumulation of snow–or water, if drains on flat roofs do not work.

– Store drinking water, first-aid kit, canned/no-cook food, nonelectric can opener, radio, flashlight and extra batteries where you can get them easily, even in the dark.

– Keep cars and other vehicles fueled and in good repair, with a winter emergency kit in each.

– Get a NOAA weather radio to monitor severe weather.

WINTER WEATHER WARNINGS

WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY: Winter weather conditions are expected to cause significant inconveniences and may be hazardous, especially to motorists.

WINTER STORM WATCH: Be alert, a storm is likely.

WINTER STORM WARNINGS: Take immediate action, the storm is in or entering the area.

BLIZZARD WARNING: Snow and strong winds combined will produce blinding snow, near zero-visibility, deep drifts, and life-threatening wind chill–seek refuge immediately.

FROST/FREEZE WARNING: Below freezing temperatures are expected and may cause damage to plants, crops, or fruit trees.

FLASH FLOOD OR FLOOD WATCH: Be alert to signs of flash flooding and be ready to evacuate on a moment’s notice.

FLASH FLOOD WARNING A flash flood is imminent. Act quickly to save yourself. You may have only seconds.

FLOOD WARNING: Flooding has been reported or is imminent take necessary precautions at once.

WIND CHILL TABLE

Red area indicates where frostbite will occur within 15 minutes.

Temperature (°F)

30 25
20
15
10 5
0
-5 -10 -15 -20 -25
5 mph 25 19 13 7 1 -5 -11 -16 -22 -28 -34 -40
10 mph 51 15 9 3 -4 -10 -16 -22 -28 -35 -41 -47
15 mph 19 13 6 0 -7 -13 -19 -26 -32 -39 -45 -51
20 mph 17 11 4 -2 -9 -15 -22 -29 -35 -42 -48 -55
25 mph 16 9 3 -4 -11 -17 -24 -31 -37 -44 -51 -58
30 mph 15 8 1 -5 -12 -19 -26 -33 -39 -46 -53 -60
35 mph 14 7 0 -7 -14 -21 -27 -34 -41 -48 -55 -62
40 mph 13 6 -1 -8 -15 -22 -29 -36 -43 -50 -57 -64
45 mph 12 5 -2 -9 -16 -23 -30 -37 -44 -51 -58 -65
50 mph 12 4 -3 -10 -17 -24 -31 -38 -45 -52 -60 -67
55 mph 11 4 -3 -11 -18 -25 -32 -39 -46 -54 -61 -68
60 mph 10 3 -4 -11 -19 -26 -33 -40 -48 -55 -62 -69

If you notice a hole in the upper left-hand corner of your Farmers' Almanac, don't return it to the store! That hole isn't a defect; it's a part of history. Starting with the first edition of the Farmers' Almanac in 1818, readers used to nail holes into the corners to hang it up in their homes, barns, and outhouses (to provide both reading material and toilet paper). In 1910, the Almanac's publishers began pre-drilling holes in the corners to make it even easier for readers to keep all of that invaluable information (and paper) handy.