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Farmers Almanac
The 2014 Farmers Almanac
Farmers' Almanac

How to Melt Ice Naturally

How to Melt Ice Naturally

Ice and snow can be beautiful to look at, but no fun at all to clean up. All it takes is one injury from a slip and fall accident to take the wonderland right out of winter. Since very few of us have heated driveways, here’s a look at a few popular natural solutions for melting ice around your home:

Salt — Probably the best-known solution for melting ice, salt is inexpensive, easy to find, and very effective. It comes in a variety of forms, from basic rock salt to liquid solutions, each of which works under different ideal conditions and temperatures. Though salt is a naturally occurring substance, it should be handled with care. Using salt to melt ice has many drawbacks. Salt is a corrosive material that can damage metal and fabric, among other things, which can shorten the life of your car, clothing, carpeting, etc. Salt can also dry out and injure skin, including the pads of pets’ paws. Runoff from salted roads, driveways, and sidewalks can also enter into groundwater, affecting drinking water quality. Grass and shrubs planted near heavily salted areas can also suffer.

Urea — After salt, urea is probably the most commonly used deicer. A natural fertilizer, urea is less corrosive than salt, and is safer for pets. Because it is a liquid, it also requires less cleanup than rock salt. However, urea can be even more damaging to plants than salt, because the high concentration used for deicing burns plants, just like over-fertilizing does during the growing season. Even more troubling, the high levels of nitrogen in urea can cause algae blooms in nearby lakes, ponds, and rivers.

Alfalfa Meal — A lesser known, but highly effective, ice melting substance is alfalfa meal. Like urea, alfalfa meal is 100% natural, and like urea its primary use is as a commercial fertilizer. Alfalfa meal does contain nitrogen, which is what makes it an effective fertilizer, but it contains this element in lesser concentrations, making it less of a threat to local water systems when used in moderation. Because it is dry and grainy, like salt, alfalfa meal has the added benefit of creating additional traction while it’s working on melting the ice. Bags of alfalfa can be purchased at most gardening stores.

Sugar Beet Juice — On its own, or used to dilute salt solutions, the juice from sugar beets can lower the freezing point of water, and help to deice slippery roads, driveways and sidewalks. In recent years, some communities have even been using beet juice mixtures to melt ice on municipal roads. Though using beets to melt ice has caused some to scratch their heads, the odorless and virtually colorless substance is completely harmless to humans, animals, plants, cars, fabrics, and water systems. And, if you grow the beets yourself the summer before, the juice is practically free!

Of course, the most natural way to melt ice is to just let time, and nature, take its course. If you live in a relatively temperate area, it may not take long for ice to melt on its own. In far northern areas, you may be waiting a lot longer. In either case, you can make icy areas safer to walk or drive on simply by adding a bit of traction. Sand, wood ash, non-clumping clay-based kitty litter, and sawdust are all naturally occurring substances that can add traction to slick surfaces. Cover your entire driveway and walkway, or save money by creating small footpaths where you need to walk.

If you notice a hole in the upper left-hand corner of your Farmers' Almanac, don't return it to the store! That hole isn't a defect; it's a part of history. Starting with the first edition of the Farmers' Almanac in 1818, readers used to nail holes into the corners to hang it up in their homes, barns, and outhouses (to provide both reading material and toilet paper). In 1910, the Almanac's publishers began pre-drilling holes in the corners to make it even easier for readers to keep all of that invaluable information (and paper) handy.