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Farmers Almanac
The 2014 Farmers Almanac
Farmers' Almanac

Happy Victoria Day (and National Patriots’ Day), Canada!

Happy Victoria Day (and National Patriots’ Day), Canada!

In the United States, Memorial Day, which is celebrated on the last Monday in May, is commonly seen as the unofficial start to summer. In Canada, that honor goes to Victoria Day, a holiday celebrated on the Monday that falls either on or immediately before May 24.

The history of Victoria Day is a long and complicated one, particularly in Quebec, where the same date is now known as National Patriots’ Day. First celebrated in 1845, the day commemorated the birthday of the then reigning Queen Victoria. It was officially known as Queen’s Day, until Victoria’s death in 1901, when it became Empire Day and began changing dates to coincide with the birthday of whichever British monarch was sitting on the throne at the time. The confusion finally ended in 1952, when Empire Day was permanently set for the Monday preceding May 24. In 1958, Empire Day was renamed Commonwealth Day, and in 1977 that day was moved to the beginning of March, and the May holiday once again became Victoria Day.

Confused yet? No? Well, try this on. In addition to commemorating the birthday of Queen Victoria, Victoria Day is also officially recognized as the birthday of current British Queen Elizabeth II, whose actual birthday falls on April 21.

Add to that the fact the province of Quebec, which has never had a very cozy relationship with the crown, has never celebrated Victoria Day. Instead, an unofficial holiday, Fête de Dollard, was created to coincide with the same date. This day honored Quebecois military hero Adam Dollard des Ormeaux. In 2003, Quebec’s provincial government made the day an official holiday, renaming it National Patriots’ Day, “to underline the importance of the struggle of the patriots of 1837— 1838 for the national recognition of our people, for its political liberty and to obtain a democratic system of government.”

No matter what holiday you celebrate, or when you celebrate it, the fact remains that the end of May is a time to enjoy friends, family, outdoor fun, and good food. To readers both above the 49th parallel and below it, the Farmers’ Almanac wishes you a happy holiday weekend and a safe start to summer.

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If you notice a hole in the upper left-hand corner of your Farmers' Almanac, don't return it to the store! That hole isn't a defect; it's a part of history. Starting with the first edition of the Farmers' Almanac in 1818, readers used to nail holes into the corners to hang it up in their homes, barns, and outhouses (to provide both reading material and toilet paper). In 1910, the Almanac's publishers began pre-drilling holes in the corners to make it even easier for readers to keep all of that invaluable information (and paper) handy.