Current Moon Phase

Waxing Crescent
15% of full

Farmers Almanac
The 2014 Farmers Almanac
Farmers' Almanac

Test Your Moon Knowledge

Test Your Moon Knowledge

The Moon has long fascinated humans throughout the ages. It has been the subject of literature, art, music, and folklore. Check out these surprising facts about Earth’s natural satellite.

  • The Moon averages a distance approximately 238,900 miles from Earth.
  • The Moon is one quarter the size of Earth. Its surface covers 9.4 billion acres.
  • The Moon rotates at a lazy 10 miles per hour (compared to the Earth’s rotation of 1000 miles per hour).
  • The Moon takes about the same amount of time to rotate on its axis as it does to complete one orbit around Earth (about 27.3 days). This synchronization results in the same side of the Moon always facing Earth.
  • The Moon is actually egg-shaped, with one of the smaller ends pointing towards Earth.
  • 59% of the Moon’s surface is visible from Earth.
  • The Moon’s Sea of Tranquility (where the first astronauts landed) is deeper than the height of Mount Everest.
  • It is estimated that astronaut Neil Armstrong’s famous footprint on the Moon will be there for at least 10 million years.
  • The Moon’s surface gravity is only one-sixth that of Earth’s. This means a person weighing 132 pounds on Earth would only weigh 22 pounds on the Moon.
  • Temperatures on the Moon’s surface range from 243 degrees Fahrenheit during the daytime to -272 degrees Fahrenheit at night.
  • The Moon’s surface has over three trillion craters.
  • A 1988 survey showed that 13% of respondents believed the Moon is made of cheese.
  • It is possible to have two full Moons in one month. This rare second full Moon is called a Blue Moon, hence the popular saying, “Once in a Blue Moon.”
  • Basalt-filled craters form the image of the “man in the Moon.” In China, this famous “man in the Moon” is referred to as the “toad in the Moon.”
  • There is no such thing as the “dark side of the Moon,” as the far side is often referred to. The entire Moon’s surface receives sunlight half the time (with the exception of the poles). During a New Moon, the far side of the moon is fully illuminated.

If you notice a hole in the upper left-hand corner of your Farmers' Almanac, don't return it to the store! That hole isn't a defect; it's a part of history. Starting with the first edition of the Farmers' Almanac in 1818, readers used to nail holes into the corners to hang it up in their homes, barns, and outhouses (to provide both reading material and toilet paper). In 1910, the Almanac's publishers began pre-drilling holes in the corners to make it even easier for readers to keep all of that invaluable information (and paper) handy.